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Mosaic floor discovered in the Nativity Basilica [Church of the Nativity] of Bethlehem during process of restoration work in August, 1934. Excavation in the floor of the nave showing the Byzantine mosaic floor originally laid in the 4th century.
The Church of the Nativity is interesting in that it is home to three different religions: Greek Orthodox, Catholic, and Armenian Orthodox. A Muslim holds the black wrought iron key to the church. Originally, Muslims were commissioned to hold the key to keep the peace among the three Christian religions using the church.
The Grotto of the Nativity, a rectangular cavern beneath the church, is the Church of the Nativity's focal point. Entered by a flight of steps by the church altar, this is the cave that has been honored as the site of Christ's birth since at least the 2nd century.